As early as the middle of the 19th century, Marx and Engels revealed the trend of the transformation of national history into world history with an amazing insight through the investigation of capitalist production methods. They pointed out: “The further the separate spheres , which interact on one another , extend in the course of this development , the more the original isolation of the separate nationalities is destroyed by the developed mode of production and intercourse and the division of labour naturally brought forth by these , the more history becomes world history.” (German Ideology, Progress Publishers, p.58) Over 100 years the world is increasingly becoming an open world, and each nation and every country is increasingly becoming an inseparable part of the entire world. Today, the world is increasingly becoming a community of destiny among you, me and you, and economic globalization is developing in depth. History and reality have consistently proved the scientific nature of Marxist world history.
The Chinese Communist Party has always attached importance to combining Marxist world historical thoughts with China’s concrete realities, promoting the continuous development of this idea, and providing scientific and ideological weapons for the Chinese revolution, construction, and reform. Comrade Mao Zedong pointed out: “The Chinese revolution is part of the world revolution.” This correct proposition was put forward during the first Great Revolution of China from 1924 to 1927. This was proposed by the Chinese Communists, but for everything at that time. Those who participated in the anti-imperialist and anti-feudal struggles agreed. Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out: “Socialism must absorb and draw on all the achievements of civilization created by human society in order to win the advantages compared with capitalism.”Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Comrade Xi Jinping has co-ordinated the two major domestic and international situations and proposed the idea of building a community of human destiny. This idea is a high-level examination of the development trend and major problems facing the world today, and contributes to China’s wisdom and China’s plan for the peaceful development of mankind. It is the enrichment and development of Marxist world history.
The idea of the community of human destiny inherits the value stand of Marxist world historical thoughts, that is, taking the people as the centre, paying attention to the new characteristics and new links of the fundamental interests of the peoples of the contemporary world, pursuing cooperation and mutual benefit, and common development, thus standing in the current era. On the moral high ground. Comrade Xi Jinping pointed out: “Today, the world of human interaction is deeper and wider than ever before. Countries are more interconnected and dependent on each other more frequently and more closely than ever before.” The global Internet system, international industrial chain and financial chain will deeply integrate the interests of people of all countries. Therefore, relying on the strength of a certain country or certain countries cannot cope with the challenges faced by mankind. All countries in the world should join hands and pursue their own interests while taking into account the interests of other countries, while seeking their own development while taking into account other countries development of China has proposed the Belt and Road Initiative and advocated the establishment of new international relations between countries through equal consultation and mutual benefit. The broad vision, high-distance pattern, and people’s sentiments embodied in the community of human destiny are in stark contrast to the power politics and zero-sum game thinking that emphasizes the priority of national interests and even seeks to develop itself through the interests of other countries.
The human destiny community inherits and develops Marxist historical materialism and world historical thoughts, and realistically analyzes and reveals the new characteristics, new laws and new trends of the historical process of the world today, and provides solutions to the problems faced by human beings. Standing on the commanding heights of the present age. The international community today faces profound internal contradictions: on the one hand, regional integration and economic globalization are the trend of the times, and people of all countries hope to continue to benefit from this process; on the other hand, economic globalization has brought about some negative effects and development. Unbalanced and unsustainable issues, some countries have moved against the trend, and trade protectionism and anti-globalization have risen. However, the root cause of major problems in the world is not economic globalization, but the lack of global growth momentum, the lag of global economic governance, and the imbalance of global development have not been effectively resolved. The humanity destiny community advocates insisting on innovation to drive the global economy, transforming the global economic governance system to make it more fair and reasonable, adhering to cooperation and win-win to achieve the sharing of development results, and promoting open, inclusive, inclusive, balanced, and win-win economic globalization. This idea grasps the essence of Marxist world history and makes a realistic judgment on the development trend of the world today. Therefore, its proposed solution can be credible and recognized by more and more countries.
The idea of human destiny community combines the theoretical logic of Marxist world historical thought with the practical logic of human social development, respects the differences between countries and nations, and resolves contradictions and conflicts through cooperation and win-win. Human well-being promotes the common development, sustained prosperity, and long-term stability of human society.
(The author is a senior professor at Shanghai University of Finance and Economics and a researcher at Shanghai Xi Jinping’s New Age Chinese Socialist Thought Research Center)
People’s Daily (August 28, 2018, 07 edition)