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Issue #1881      August 14, 2019

New development of Marxist thought

As early as the middle of the 19th century, Marx and Engels revealed the trend of the transformation of national history into world history with an amazing insight through the investigation of capitalist production methods. They pointed out: “The more the original closed state of each nation is due to the increasingly perfect production methods, exchanges, and the division of labour between different ethnic groups naturally formed by exchanges, the more complete the history, the more history becomes world history.”

Over 100 years the world is increasingly becoming an open world, and each nation and every country is increasingly becoming an inseparable part of the entire world. Today, the world is increasingly becoming a community of destiny among you, me and you, and economic globalisation is developing in depth. History and reality have consistently proved the scientific nature of Marxist world history.

The Chinese Communist Party has always attached importance to combining Marxist world historical thoughts with China’s concrete realities, promoting the continuous development of this idea, and providing scientific and ideological weapons for the Chinese revolution, construction, and reform. Comrade Mao Zedong pointed out: “The Chinese revolution is part of the world revolution”. This correct proposition was put forward during the first Great Revolution of China from 1924 to 1927. This was proposed by the Chinese Communists, but for everything at that time. Those who participated in the anti-imperialist and anti-feudal struggles agreed. Comrade Deng Xiaoping stated: “Socialism must absorb and draw on all the achievements of civilisation created by human society in order to win the advantages compared with capitalism.”

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Comrade Xi Jinping has coordinated the two major domestic and international situations and proposed the idea of building a community of human destiny. This idea is a high-level examination of the development trend and major problems facing the world today, and contributes to China’s wisdom and China’s plan for the peaceful development of humankind. It is the enrichment and development of Marxist world history.

The idea of the community of human destiny inherits the value stand of Marxist world historical thoughts, that is, taking the people as the centre, paying attention to the new characteristics and new links of the fundamental interests of the peoples of the contemporary world, pursuing cooperation and mutual benefit, and common development, thus standing in the current era.

Xi Jinping pointed out: “Today, the world of human interaction is deeper and wider than ever before. Countries are more interconnected and dependent on each other more frequently and more closely than ever before.” The global Internet system, international industrial chain and financial chain will deeply integrate the interests of people of all countries.

Therefore, relying on the strength of a certain country or certain countries cannot cope with the challenges faced by humankind. All countries in the world should join hands and pursue their own interests while taking into account the interests of other countries, while seeking their own development while taking into account other countries.

China has proposed the “Belt and Road Initiative” and advocated the establishment of new international relations between countries through equal consultation and mutual benefit. The broad vision, high-distance pattern, and people’s sentiments embodied in the community of human destiny are in stark contrast to the power politics and zero-sum game thinking that emphasises the priority of national interests and even seeks to develop itself through the interests of other countries.

The human destiny community inherits and develops Marxist historical materialism and world historical thoughts, and realistically analyses and reveals the new characteristics, new laws and new trends of the historical process of the world today, and provides solutions to the problems faced by human beings, standing on the commanding heights of the present age.

The international community today faces profound internal contradictions: on the one hand, regional integration and economic globalisation are the trend of the times, and people of all countries hope to continue to benefit from this process; on the other hand, economic globalisation has brought about some negative effects and development. There are unbalanced and unsustainable issues; some countries have moved against the trend, and trade protectionism and anti-globalisation have risen. However, the root cause of major problems in the world is not economic globalisation, but the lack of global growth momentum, the lag of global economic governance, and the imbalance of global development have not been effectively resolved.

The human community advocates insisting on innovation to drive the global economy, transforming the global economic governance system to make it more fair and reasonable, adhering to cooperation and win-win to achieve the sharing of development results, and promoting open, inclusive, inclusive, balanced, economic globalisation.

This idea grasps the essence of Marxist world history and makes a realistic judgment on the development trend of the world today. Therefore, its proposed solution can be credible and recognised by more and more countries.

The idea of human destiny and community combines the theoretical logic of Marxist world historical thought with the practical logic of human social development, respects the differences between countries and nations, and resolves contradictions and conflicts through cooperation. Human well-being promotes common development, sustained prosperity and long-term stability of human society.

(The author is a senior professor at Shanghai University of Finance and Economics and a researcher at Shanghai Xi Jinping’s New Age Chinese Socialist Thought Research Centre)

People’s Daily

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