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Issue #1889      October 9, 2019

Development miracle in human history

Remarks by HE Ambassador Cheng Jingye at the Reception to Celebrate the 70th Anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Republic of China – September 23, 2019.

Good afternoon! It’s a great delight to have you with us today to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. Seventy years ago, the founding of the People’s Republic of China, in changing the destiny of the Chinese people, heralded a new epoch in Chinese history.

Over the past 70 years, under the strong leadership of the Communist Party of China, the entire Chinese people, through their hardworking and tireless endeavours, have created a development miracle in human history, resulting in unprecedented changes and epic accomplishments.

We have established socialist system, carried out spectacular reform and opening up, and embarked on the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

We resumed sovereignty over Hong Kong and Macao and have advanced the cause of peaceful reunification of the country.

We have achieved a historic leap in the composite national strength. China’s GDP has increased by more than 450 times in terms of US dollars, with our economy now accounting for about 16 percent of the world GDP. Being the second largest economy in the world, China enjoys a leading position in terms of trade in goods, manufacturing capacity and foreign exchange reserves.

We built 140,000 kilometres of highways, the mileage of our high-speed railways comprises two-thirds of the world’s total, and among top ten seaports in the world there are seven in China. The urbanisation rate has increased from 10 percent to nearly 60 percent.

We have remarkably improved people’s living standards. Over 750 million people were lifted out of poverty since 1978. The per capita GDP is now close to 10,000 US dollars. Average life expectancy has been extended from 35 to 77. We have established the world’s largest social security system covering pension, medicare, basic living insurance and proper housing.

The illiteracy rate has dropped from 80 percent to around 5 percent, and last year’s university graduates numbered 8.2 million. China now has the largest middle-income population and the fastest-growing consumer market in the world. Last year, nearly 150 million people travelled abroad.

We have made outstanding progress in science and technology. China has become a major scientific and technological player, with R&D expenditure ranking second in the world. China also ranks second in terms of the number of scientific papers cited and the number of international patent applications.

The contribution of scientific and technological progress to economic growth in 2018 reaches 58.5 percent. Achievements such as the manned spaceflight, lunar exploration project, BeiDou navigation satellite system, quantum science and AI have captured the world’s attention. China also leads in 5G technology development.

We have achieved major results in green development. China’s total installed capacity of renewable energy accounts for 28 percent of the world’s total. It is the world’s largest producer, exporter and installer of solar panels and wind turbines. Non-fossil energy accounts for 13.8 percent of primary energy. We have 1.7 million electric vehicles – half of the world’s total. With the largest plantation forest in the world, the forest stocks have increased by 2.1 billion cubic metres.

Over the past seven decades China has made significant contributions to world’s peace and prosperity. We have played an important role in promoting resolution to global and regional hot issues. We are the second largest financial contributor to the United Nations and the largest peacekeeping personnel contributor among the permanent members of the Security Council. In the past decade, China has contributed nearly 30 percent of world economic growth.

We have promoted global connectivity and infrastructure building through the Belt and Road Initiative, which has become a widely participated platform for international cooperation. China has been actively engaged in global cooperation on climate change, playing a leading role in the conclusion of Paris Agreement. From 1950 to 2016, a total of more than 400 billion yuan of foreign aid was provided, with more than 5,000 projects.

It has been 70 years of dedication and commitment and 70 years of miraculous achievements. As a result, the Chinese people have taken a decisive step in the journey towards becoming richer and stronger. We are now closer than ever before in achieving national rejuvenation.

Dear friends,

Today’s China has entered a new era. At present, the Chinese people are striving to achieve the “Two Centenary Goals” with full confidence. Next year, we will accomplish the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects. By the middle of this century, we’ll develop China into a great modern socialist country.

China stays committed to peaceful development and building a community with a shared future for mankind. China will promote a high level of opening up to the outside world, in pursuing mutual benefit and win-win outcomes.

In short, it will continue its efforts in building world peace, contributing to global development, and upholding international order. China’s sustainable development will bring more opportunities to countries around the world.

Dear friends,

China-Australia relationship to some extent is an epitome of the deep integration of China with the world. Since the establishment of diplomatic ties in 1972, cut-across progress has been made in the bilateral relations. The trade volume between the two countries has soared from less than 100 million US dollars to over 150 billion US dollars.

People-to-people exchanges have started from scratch, with current annual visits in both directions surpassing two million. The development of China-Australia relations has significantly enhanced the well-being of both peoples. As Prime Minister Morrison said, “China is more than a customer, way more”.

China and Australia are important countries in the Asia-Pacific region. There is no historical grievance or conflict in fundamental interests between the two countries. Instead, our economies are highly complementary, with many shared interests and huge potential for cooperation.

We both stand for multilateralism and free trade, and support open global economy. The 1.2 million Chinese-Australians serve as an indispensable bridge and bond between the two countries. There is every reason to maintain the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership in good shape but no excuse to have the relations hindered or damaged.

China always believes that a sound and stable China-Australia relationship serves the fundamental interests of both sides and is conducive to the peace, stability and prosperity of the region.

Both sides need to view each other’s development path and social system in a rational way. It’s essential to stick to mutual respect and properly handle the differences. We need to regard each other’s development as an opportunity rather than a threat, so that mutual trust will be persistently increased, and suspicion or prejudices be reduced.

We should expand mutually beneficial cooperation, fostering a fair, transparent and non-discriminatory business environment for each other’s enterprises. We need to deepen people-to-people links rather than erecting artificial barriers.

It’s also important that we work together to uphold multilateral trading system with the World Trade Organisation at its core, while jointly advancing regional economic integration.

It’s sincerely hoped that both countries will pull efforts in the same direction and take positive steps to overcome the difficulties, so as to push forward China-Australia relations along the right track.

In conclusion, may I propose a further toast:

To the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China;

To the healthy and stable development of China-Australia relations;

Cheers!

Thank you!

Next article – An attack on all working people

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