- by Jesus Rojas
- The Guardian
- Issue# 1964
The current global order is experiencing tension caused in the main by US-backed imperial power. They are hell-bent on maintaining the current neoliberal capitalist system, which has proven to spell economic disaster, not to mention war and systematic genocide. The developing world – led by China, Russia, Venezuela, and Iran (among others) – is working tirelessly to establish a multipolar world. Our goal is to ensure that there is world peace and economic and political stability.
International organisations, created after the Second World War, were designed to serve Western hegemony by establishing mechanisms of domination that are currently out of date in the face of the emergence of new poles of power.
THE UN: A DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTION?
The United Nations Organisation was established in 1945, at the end of the Second World War. Its bodies are organised to guarantee the effective use of power for the victors of that war who became part of the Security Council.
The rest of the world is organised in the General Assembly, whose mechanisms and decisions are not binding on the member countries.
The Charter of the United Nations establishes the principles that should govern the international order, and therefore, the member countries of the organisation must respect them. The fundamental principle is the defence of world peace and balance.
Failure to comply with this mechanism is systematically demonstrated by the facts. The US maintains unilateral sanctions that affect the human rights of the population in: North Korea, Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Yugoslavia, Burma, Zimbabwe, Belarus, Syria, Congo, Sudan, Somalia, Ivory Coast, Lebanon, Ukraine, Yemen, South Sudan, Russia and Venezuela.
As stipulated in the UN Charter, such sanctions should not be imposed unilaterally. However, none of these measures has been a joint decision of member countries.
Among other violations, it is known that in US prisons, more than 100,000 immigrant children are detained; and 3,000 boys and girls have been sentenced in this country to life imprisonment, violating the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Not counting the wars imposed against Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Syria in the name of the fight against terrorism from George Bush’s statement in 2001, when he affirmed: “they are with me or they are against me”.
THE MULTIPOLAR WORLD: A HISTORICAL NECESSITY
In Latin America, the Bolivarian Revolution, with the arrival of Hugo Chávez to power in Venezuela, gave the impetus to initiate a period of political changes that would impact not only within each country. Rather, on an international scale, the region began to position itself as a power bloc within world geopolitics, which later allowed the creation of regional integration and unity mechanisms that confronted the traditional vision of international relations.
The Bolivarian Alternative for the Peoples of Our America – Peoples’ Trade Agreement (ALBA-TCP), Petrocaribe, Unasur and CELAC; they are an example of this possibility.
On the other hand, China and Russia began to demonstrate their prominence in the international arena and are emerging as powers, putting the hegemonic role of the United States in world geopolitics on notice. China, in addition to the great advance in the economic, scientific and military fields, has demonstrated the ability to establish international relations of cooperation and complementarity.
The need to establish institutions based on the vision of a multipolar world, as the only way to defeat the imperialist practice of the United States, supports the formation of the Group of Friends in defense of the United Nations Charter, which is currently made up of sixteen countries.
“The Group of Friends in Defense of the United Nations Charter emerges with force. Venezuela, as one of its founding countries, shares the call for all States that respect the principles and purposes of the UN to join. Strengthening multilateralism is essential,” said Venezuelan Foreign Minister Jorge Arreaza”.