CPA 9th Congress April 2001

Introducing the Political Resolution

by Anna Pha

A government of a new type

After an exhaustive six-month process of discussions, additions and 
amendments the Political Resolution was adopted with overwhelming 
support by Congress delegates. The Political Resolution offers 
analysis of current developments and a series of policies appropriate for 
Australia. It calls for the establishment of a government of a new type 
that would legislate in the interests of the people.

The Political Resolution is one of three key documents guiding the 
Party and its members in their work. The other documents are the 
Constitution which specifies the aims of the CPA and its 
organisational and ideological basis and the Party's Program.

Compared with the Program, the Political Resolution is a more 
immediate document dealing in particular with the period between Congresses 
which are held every four years.

After the initial draft of the Resolution was distributed to all 
Party members in October 2000, Party branches held discussions on the 
document, with every member having the opportunity to submit amendments.

Presenting the Political Resolution to the Congress, CC Executive 
member Anna Pha explained how the Political Resolution is the 
collective work of the Party, the collective of ideas, experiences, of 
learning and application of all members.

While the fundamental exploitative nature of capitalism remains, Ms Pha 
said the Resolution identified the continuing important changes that 
the Party must respond to:

* the continuing contradictions of capitalism;

* the rapid concentration of capital into fewer and fewer giant 

* the continuing shift towards economic rationalist policies;

* the increasing exercise of power by the IMF (International Monetary 
Fund), World Bank, and WTO (World Trade Organisation) over the affairs of 
sovereign nations;

* the increasing attacks on workers of all countries;

* the adoption of extremely right-wing and conservative social and moral 
attitudes, including increasing religious fundamentalism;

* the emergence of the environment as a vital issue.

Ms Pha quoted Lenin's 1916 characterisation of imperialism: "Imperialism is 
capitalism at that stage of development at which the dominance of 
monopolies and finance capital is established: in which the export of 
capital has acquired pronounced importance..."

Ms Pha reported that the export of capital has now reached astronomical 
proportions. The total Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), which is a measure 
of the export of capital, rose by 900 per cent to A$35 trillion in the 
period 1982 to 1999.

In discussing the increase in the export of capital, the Resolution 
makes the important point that, " ... the majority of this [foreign] 
investment has been in the form of mergers and take-overs, rather than in 
the creation of new enterprises..."

These developments are not without their consequences as the Political 
Resolution points out: "The process of globalisation is used 
increasingly to subordinate national governments to the dictates of 
transnational corporations. It has brought significant changes to the state 
apparatus, parts of which are being privatised and brought under the direct 
control of the transnational corporations."

While government regulation of the corporate sector is being reduced to a 
minimum: "the repressive role of the state is being increased" and "the 
democratic rights of the people are being whittled away by the increasingly 
open dictatorship of the TNCs  politically, economically and militarily."

The extension and consolidation of the dictatorship of capital inevitably 
means that the democratic rights won over centuries are whittled away.

Changes to electoral laws, anti-trade union legislation, intensified 
surveillance on streets and workplaces, increased police powers (and 
privatisation of policing), legislation enabling the use of the military in 
civil matters, harassment of welfare recipients and the brutal treatment of 
asylum seekers were all evidence of this.

All these developments taken together dramatically reveal the "evil face of 
capitalism and imperialism" as the Political Resolution says. "It is 
now easier to identify the real face of those who are a roadblock to human 
progress and real freedom".

However, as the global assault of the TNCs intensifies, so too grows the 
struggle by the working people and other sections of society against them.

Some important features of this struggle to note are:

* the internationalisation of the struggle against capital in line with the 
internationalisation of capital;

* the development of alliances, coalitions, fronts and other forms of broad 

* the adoption of new forms of struggle that are increasingly directed 
against capitalism itself;

* the regeneration of communist parties in many countries and the growing 
links between them.

The Resolution says: "There is now a vast world wide force that can 
be mobilised globally. It is now possible to conduct campaigns on a scale 
previously inconceivable and with greater and more telling effect."

The CPA promotes the formation of anti-imperialist fronts and other united 
actions which mobilise left and progressive forces. However the 
Resolution warns that while they are participating in the 
resistance, "working class and revolutionary parties must retain their 
independence and ideological integrity".

The Resolution puts forward a number of immediate policies that are 
relevant to the struggles of today. These include: opposition to 
privatisation; support for the public ownership of key industries; trade 
union and workers' rights; job creation, women's, farmers' and youth 
rights; price controls; repeal of the GST; reduction in military budgets; 
multiculturalism; and indigenous rights.

These proposals represent a possible program for a government of a new 
type. Other organisations in any coalition will also have their own policy 
proposals to contribute.

"The new government must be prepared to mobilise the people and win support 
for, assist implement and safeguard changes which are in the interests of 
the people and which challenge the power of capital", says the Resolution.

During that process we must continue to build the Party and carry out our 
ideological work. It is the task of the Party to raise class and 
revolutionary consciousness during the many struggles that lie ahead so 
that they are taken forward from the reforms of the first stage to the 
revolutionary  socialist  stage.

Concluding, Ms Pha said, "As a result of the discussion and amendments we 
have now a vastly improved and enriched document.

"It will be up to every one of us to take the final Political 
Resolution back to our work and ensure the maximum unity around its 

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