The Guardian March 8, 2000

Europe-wide demonstrations against Haidar

The resignation of neo-fascist Jorg Haider from the leadership of 
Austria's far-right Freedom Party (FPO) has no one fooled in Austria or the 
rest of Europe. The move is widely seen as a tactical manoeuvre designed to 
take the heat off the Freedom Party and the right-wing coalition government 
of which it is part.

Belgium's Foreign Minister, Louis Michel, described Haider's resignation as 
"doubtlessly a ploy to mollify Western capitals" and said that Haider 
"obviously remains in his party and continues to call the shots".

There is speculation that Haider will now concentrate on consolidating his 
position as governor of the southern province of Carinthia in preparation 
for a concerted assault on the position of Chancellor at the next 

The opposition among foreign governments, notably in the EU, to the Freedom 
Party's inclusion in the Austrian Government on February 4 has been fuelled 
by expressions of popular outrage in Austria and across Europe.

As soon as the news of the new coalition was announced, some 300,000 
protesters packed Vienna's Heldenplatz (Hero's Square) outside the Hofburg 
Palace, despite cold and rain, to oppose it.

They called for the resignation of Chancellor Wolfgang Schussel of the 
conservative People's Party and his new government.

The actions have continued, bringing together opposition parties, human 
rights groups, trade unionists, artists, pensioners and many others. Jewish 
community leader Ariel Muzicant who said: "It is a scandal that racism and 
anti-Semitism have once again become harmless crimes. It is a scandal that 
these crimes have been legitimised by the People's Party."

The European Union (EU), US and other nations such as Israel have 
registered a range of actions from disapproval to outright condemnation of 
Austria's Government. Austrian delegates were publicly shunned at the 
recent meeting of EU Defence Ministers in Portugal.

Both German and French leaders  Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder and 
President Jacques Chirac  have promised resolute action.

The strength of feeling has become increasingly evident far beyond 
Austria's borders. The Austrian Government can hardly move without 
encountering a continuous and expanding movement of opposition.

The Belgian Government has taken a strong line on Haider who was publicly 
snubbed at an EU Ministers social affairs meeting. He was then forced to 
cancel his attendance at a regional EU meeting due to take place in 

Belgian Foreign Minister Louis Michel had earlier said the Freedom Party's 
inclusion in the Austrian Government set a "serious precedent" of 
normalising the extreme right in Europe.

haidar's past words  claiming Nazi concentration camps were "punishment 
camps", praising Hitler's labour policies and producing  anti-immigration 
FPO posters  are clearly more than words on his part.

haidar's withdrawn libel dispute with the Sunday Telegraph over 
whether or not he said Churchill was one of the worst war criminals, led it 
to examine his recent past.

It reminded readers of the time in 1995 that Haidar was filmed speaking to 
a predominantly Waffen SS gathering of diehard Nazis in a back room of a 
pub in the Carinthian town of Krumpendorf. 

He was heard to say: "I find it good that there are still decent people in 
this world with character who stick to their beliefs and their convictions 
 even if the wind blows against them."

Haider has been succeeded as leader of the Freedom Party by his deputy, 
Susanne Riess-Passer, Vice-Chancellor in the coalition government. Agence 
France Presse quoted one Austrian weekly's comment: "One thing is sure: 
Reiss-Passer always does what Haider wants."

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