The Guardian May 30, 2001

No US technology breakthrough says Russian expert

The United States has not made any remarkable breakthroughs in 
developing a missile defence technology, said an outstanding Russian 
missile expert Dr Yuri Sizov. He is one of the designers of Russia's S-300 
anti-aircraft systems.

The high-speed interceptor missiles to be used for the US national missile 
defence (NMD) program are still being tested, and the "not quite successful 
results" indicate that the US interception missiles "cannot guarantee 
destruction of intercontinental ballistic missile warheads even in attacks 
of low intensity", said Sizov.

His remarks came just before a visit to Moscow by US Deputy Defence 
Secretary Paul Wolfowits, who tried to persuade Russian leaders to accept a 
US-designed missile defence plan.

If Washington wants to deploy an effective national missile defence shield, 
it has to put exotic weapons, such as laser beam and electromagnetic guns 
into outer space. But there will be a lot of difficulties in developing and 
deploying such space weapons said Yuri Sizov.

He said the Pentagon plans to produce lasers by using nuclear explosion 
power, but the power transition device will be destroyed in the nuke blast 
at the same time, so such laser weapons can be used only once.

"Space militarisation would cause a worldwide negative response and 
opposition", warned the scientist, adding that Russia must tell the White 
House the facts during talks with the US on the missile defence problems.

Sizov said that the best solution to the NMD problem is to keep the 1972 
Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) treaty in effect and intact. President Bush is 
attempting to alter the 1972 ABM treaty and threatens to scrap it 
altogether if the Russian Federation does not go along with US plans.

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