The Guardian November 21, 2001


BHP-Billiton faces international strike action

by Peter Mac

The sacking of hundreds of striking Mozambican aluminium smelter workers by 
mining and resources giant BHP-Billiton has been condemned by trade unions 
from around the world meeting at the Sydney conference of the International 
Metalworkers Federation (IMF).

As part of an international campaign of political and industrial action, 
Australian trade union leaders have vowed to take retaliatory strike action 
against the company's work sites, despite the risks of incurring savage 
financial penalties under the Howard Government's industrial relations 
legislation.

The sackings occurred at the company's Mozal smelter at Moputo after 
workers took strike action recently. The company is said to have used 
police and guard dogs to forcibly remove workers from the smelter, and to 
have replaced them with non-union labour from South Africa.

Most of the Mozambican workers were later reinstated, but 40 former shop 
stewards remain permanently barred from employment at the company's 
worksites.

The Sydney meeting condemned the sackings, declaring: "The attacks by BHP 
Billiton on collective rights and their attempt to marginalise or eliminate 
trade union activity by aggressively promoting individual contracts is a 
breach of core labour standards and is rejected and opposed by the IMF".

The company BHP Billiton was formed several months ago by the merging of 
the former Australian company BHP with the former South African mining 
company, Billiton.

BHP had already established an international reputation as a ruthless 
exploiter of labour at its many worldwide worksites, and Billiton had a 
similar record. BHP Billiton is now the largest mining company, and one of 
the largest minerals processing firms, in the world.

The proposed international trade union action against the company follows 
concerted moves by international labour organisations to take co-ordinated 
action, including "sympathy strikes", against multinational companies who 
resort to tactics such as the importation of strike-breaking labour from 
other countries.

Any action taken within Australia would effectively challenge the Howard 
Government's draconian Industrial Relations legislation, which provides for 
savage penalties against "secondary boycotts", including sympathy strikes.

In the wake of the Federal elections the Howard Government has highlighted 
industrial relations as one of the key areas for new initiatives, i.e. 
further legislation to suppress industrial action by workers, under the 
Coalition's perceived "mandate to govern".

Last week, Doug Cameron, National Secretary of the Australian Manufacturing 
Workers' Union (AMWU), pledged to support the Mozambique workers.

"We will take action in support of workers being treated inhumanely by BHP. 
If that means we break unfair Australian laws, then so be it", he declared.

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