The Guardian July 16, 2003


New threats of war against North Korea

July 27 marks the 50th anniversary of the end to the war of aggression 
launched by the United States and the collaborationist regime of South 
Korea against the socialist Democratic People's Republic of Korea in the 
1950s. The real background to the Korean War is little known today.

Now, the US, with the Howard Government acting as deputy sheriff, is 
sharply intensifying its campaign of vilification and threats against the 
DPRK.

US President George W Bush named the DPRK as part of his "axis of evil" and 
as a "rogue state". As with Iraq, so with North Korea, there are threats of 
a "pre-emptive strike" against enterprises that are alleged to be producing 
nuclear weapons.

For its part North Korea has called for negotiations with the United States 
and such a meeting was held on the initiative of the Government of the 
People's Republic of China last April.

At this meeting the DPRK put forward a proposal for a non-aggression treaty 
between itself and the United States as a necessary basis for making the 
whole of the Korean peninsula nuclear free.

A DPRK statement said that their proposal would not only eliminate the 
"worries of the two parties concerned by the solution of the nuclear 
problem", but would also "eliminate the danger of nuclear war and ensure 
peace and security on the Korean Peninsula, or even in Asia and the world".

However, so far, the United States has refused to respond to this proposal 
and, instead, has stepped up its hostile propaganda.

The US and 10 other governments, including the war-mongering Howard 
Government, are now threatening to "interdict" North Korean ships that are 
"suspected" of carrying missiles to other countries.

This dangerous, threatened act of piracy has understandably been vigorously 
rejected by the Government of the DPRK.

Again, as with the pretext for war against Iraq, which is being shown every 
day to have been a pack of lies, the same lies are being trotted out by 
Australian Government leaders to justify aggression in one form or another 
against the DPRK.

The Governments of the US and Australia and the others that are following 
the US lead like puppets, should bear in mind that the people and 
Government of North Korea have shown their determination and ability to 
defend themselves in the past and that, despite allegations that the 
Government of North Korea is isolated, it will have world-wide support if 
it has to defend itself against new acts of aggression and war.

History

Following the defeat of Japanese imperialism in WW 2, the Korean peninsular 
became divided at the 38th parallel. The North became a socialist state  
the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK)  led by the Workers' 
Party of Korea, while the South was occupied by the US and the government 
became a puppet of the Americans.

None-the-less, the Korean people aspired to the reunification of their 
homeland.

Another very significant event at the time was the establishment of the 
People's Republic of China in 1949 under the leadership of the Communist 
Party of China. The Chinese revolution together with the then very powerful 
and popular Soviet Union became a nightmare for the imperialist powers. 
However, those powers did not give up their attempts to turn the clock 
back.

The aggressive war launched against the newly founded DPRK in 1950 was not 
only aimed at the overthrow of its socialist government but at the Chinese 
revolution as well.

However, the Korean people resisted and together with the assistance of 
Chinese army volunteers succeeded in forcing the US to conclude a peace 
agreement which was finally signed on July 27, 1953.

At one stage in the conflict the US commander, General Douglas Macarthur, 
threatened to bomb Chinese territory which would have initiated a much 
wider war.

When the armistice was finally signed, Mark Clark, now the commander-in-
chief of the US forces in place of Macarthur, said that he had achieved 
notoriety as the first commander-in-chief in American history to sign an 
armistice agreement without victory.

The Korean peninsular remained divided at the 38th parallel where a heavily 
armed demarcation zone was established. For all the years from the signing 
of the armistice in 1953 to the present day, the US has displayed 
unrelenting hostility to the DPRK.

While the supporting Chinese troops withdrew from the North immediately on 
the conclusion of the armistice, South Korea continued to be occupied by up 
to 37,000 US troops armed to teeth with "weapons of mass destruction"  
including nuclear weapons  stationed in various US bases.

The United States built a towering wall across the Korean Peninsula, 
allegedly as a barrier to an invasion from the North, a concocted threat 
used by the US to raise fear among the people of the South and to justify 
the continued occupation of the South by US forces.

Since the division of the country the Government of the DPRK has made 
peaceful reunification a foremost goal.

The people's desire for reunification has steadily gained ground in both 
the North and South. In the South this is reflected in the recent election 
of Presidents who have favoured steps towards reunification  called the 
"sunshine" policy.

On June 15, 2000, a joint accord to "solve the reunification problem 
independently, through joint efforts of the entire nation" was signed 
between North and South. This accord was warmly welcomed by the Korean 
people who want a peaceful and independently decided process of 
reunification.

Flowing from this accord there have been family exchanges, trade has 
increased, a railway line between the two states is being constructed and 
regular meetings are taking place between North and South Government 
delegations. The most recent exchange of Government delegations took place 
as recently as last week.

This does not suit the agenda of the United States leaders. The 
reunification of the two Koreas would render irrelevant any further 
occupation by American troops. They and their bases would have to go.

Back to index page