The Guardian July 30, 2003

The Iraqi Communist Party and the "Governing Council"
Statement from Tareeq Al Shaab (Paper of the Iraqi Communist Party)

The Iraqi Communist Party had identified, over the past weeks, a 
sensible way out for our people and homeland from the total impasse which 
our country ended up with when the hated dictatorial regime collapsed but 
without leading to the creation of the desired democratic alternative.

This way out of the impasse was embodied in the call for convening a 
broadly-based National Conference, with the participation of our people's 
political, national and religious constituents, to set up an Iraqi 
transitional coalition government that undertakes the task of addressing 
the urgent problems in the daily life of the people and country.

The most important tasks are ensuring security and stability, normalising 
the situation, securing public and municipal services, employment and means 
of living for millions of citizens, as well as preparing a draft 
constitution and providing the prerequisites for free and fair elections 
under UN supervision, and for entering into negotiations with the occupying 
powers about the presence of their troops in our country, and putting an 
end to it.

However, the demand for setting up the transitional coalition government 
clashed with the resolution of the UN Security Council 1483 (22 May 2003), 
which legitimised and endorsed the occupation authority, giving the Iraqi 
people only a consultative role in the political decision-making process.

Over the following few weeks, and as a result of the competing views and 
discussions dealing with this issue, it was possible to shift the upper 
limit for the role played by the Iraqis in running the affairs of the 

At the end, a compromise formula was found, that is neither a transitional 
national government nor a "Political Council" of purely consultative 

This compromise "Governing Council" is a new framework for action by Iraqi 
people's representatives to express the people's will and their desire to 
formulate policies and positions, within the existing complex conditions, 
and in various fields: political, both internal and external, financial-
economic, social etc.

This will be taking place in a developing process aiming to widen the 
authorities of the Council, so as to bring it closer to accomplishing the 
process of transition and establishing the independent Iraqi national 
government that will emerge from legitimate general elections.

The Governing Council is to undertake, in the current conditions, an active 
role in restoring security and stability, normalising the situation, 
eliminating remnants of the ousted regime and putting on trial those who 
committed crimes against the people.

Also participating in putting together economic and financial policies 
which promote stability in the economic life as a whole, ensuring the 
reactivation of the production cycle, and opening the door to embark on 
reconstructing and developing the country, along with restoring its 
independence and sovereignty.

Our Party's participation in the Governing Council is based on a careful 
consideration of the present situation in our country. A main aspect of 
this consideration is the desire of the majority of our people aspiring to 
see an Iraqi body that represents people's interests.

It also responds to the desire of broad sections of the people to see 
Communists participate, directly and actively in the current political 
process in the country, within the Governing Council itself, being an arena 
of work, action, dialogue and struggle, in order to achieve our people's 
demands and aims.

Of course, this participation by our Party does not mean at all a retreat 
from its call for and striving to speed up the formation of the sovereign 
Iraqi national government, and establishing a unified democratic and 
federal Iraq.

It must be said, on the other hand, that despite all the complexities and 
difficulties, the work of the Governing Council, prospects of its activity 
and the effectiveness of its role, are closely connected, first and 
foremost, to the unity of its constituent forces, which need to be 
expanded, in our view, to include other patriotic parties that were active 
participants in the struggle against the dictatorial regime.

The Council's effectiveness and prospects are also connected to its own 
vigour, and to what extent it responds to the urgent and immediate demands 
of the people.

The Council's influence depends as well on the people's support for its 
work, monitoring its activities in a critical and constructive way, so as 
to help it to carry out its tasks and move ahead along a correct and 
sensible path.

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