Korea celebrates 55 years of liberation
The Democratic People's Republic of Korea came into existence in 1948 and celebrated the 55th anniversary of its founding on September 9 this year. Its formation was part of the revolutionary upsurge which emerged during the war against fascism in Europe and Japanese militarism in Asia. The whole of Korea had been occupied by the Japanese imperialists for many years. It was liberated by the combined efforts of the patriotic forces of Korea that fought against the Japanese occupation and the Soviet Red Army which defeated the Japanese army in Manchuria. At the same time the Chinese Red Army was liberating the Chinese mainland from Japanese occupation. The formation of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Sept 9, 1948) coincided with the formation of the People's Republic of China (October 1, 1948), Unfortunately for the Korean people, the southern part of the Korean peninsular was occupied by the armed forces of the United States and they proceeded to set up a puppet government south of the 38th parallel of latitude known as the Republic of Korea. In the early 1950s the DPRK (North Korea) had to fight for its very existence as the armed forces of South Korea, the US, Australia and a number of other countries, tried to overthrow the government of the North. The people of the DPRK fought heroically and together with the support of the Chinese People's Republic the occupation of the North by the US and others was defeated and an agreement to end the war was finally concluded that, however, again partitioned the Korean Peninsular at the 38th parallel. This defeat was the first defeat for American forces following WW 2, but the northern part of the Korean peninsular had been flattened. No armistice was concluded, no diplomatic relations were established and no trade was conducted. It was to be total isolation for the DPRK. The US and its allies have never given up their objective of occupying the whole of the Korean peninsular. This would enable them to put pressure on the Chinese People's Republic and to overthrow the socialist systems of both China and the DPRK. Provocations There have been endless provocations. The border at the 38th parallel was turned into a continual flash point. The US and South Korea built a huge wall across the Korean peninsular from one side to the other although this wall cannot keep out the idea of reunification of the two Koreas. The demand for unification is steadily gaining support. The DPRK is a relatively small country in which about 80 percent of the land is mountainous and cannot be easily cultivated. In the 1990s the DPRK suffered disastrous floods which swept away much the top-soil in the areas under cultivation. The floods were followed by drought. This is the basic reason for the food shortages which have been used by western propaganda to claim that socialism does not work. The DPRK has no oil resources of its own and its growing need for electrical power impelled it towards the building of nuclear power stations. This situation was dishonestly used to claim that the DPRK was building nuclear weapons but there is, in fact, no evidence of that. The nuclear issue In 1994 an agreement was reached with the Clinton administration by which the US and Japan were to supply heavy oil for use in power generation in exchange for an agreement that the DPRK would suspend development of its nuclear power generation industry. The US and Japan were to build light water reactors to replace the type of power generators that were built in the DPRK. However, the light-water reactors have still not been built — 9 years after the agreement was concluded. Last year the US suspended delivery of heavy oil as well. It is in these circumstances that the DPRK threatened to resume power generation using its already established nuclear generators. The DPRK, led by the Workers' Party of Korea, has been steadily building its socialist society in these incredibly difficult circumstances and in accordance with the conditions facing the people of Korea. In accordance with socialist principles the Government of the DPRK provides universal free education and free medical care. Cultural activities have reached a high level. Women enjoy equal rights and conditions. Massive housing construction of high quality has been undertaken. Pyongyang the capital city has its own underground railway. Many light and heavy industries have been constructed. This year alone, 400 million trees were planted in the DPRK's "greening" program. At present the DPRK is undertaking a land reform program to consolidate smaller plots of agricultural land into larger fields so that agriculture can be mechanised and, thereby, increase grain production. It is these gains in their living standards and social conditions that the people of the DPRK are defending as well as the sovereignty and independence of their country and their right to establish their own social and economic system. For all of the 55 years of its existence the DPRK has had to defend its sovereignty and independence and this remains their top priority.