The Guardian 18 October, 2006
Posada and Bush’s
"war on terror" quandary
Cuban exile and accused terrorist Luis Posada Carriles is back in the news. Posada is the self-confessed mastermind behind the bombing of a Cubana Airlines jet, killing 73 people in a midair explosion over Barbados on October 6, 1976.
Nicknamed "the bin Laden of Latin America", Posada, currently being held at an El Paso, Texas, detention centre for violating immigration law, presents a quandary for the Bush administration and its "war on terrorism".
US plans to deport Posada have gone awry. At least seven countries — Canada, Mexico, Panama, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador — have refused to take him.
At the same time, the Bush administration has refused to honour Venezuela’s request for Posada’s extradition to stand trial there. Posada is a Venezuelan citizen. In 1985, he escaped from a Venezuelan jail (with CIA help) while standing trial for the airliner bombing.
On September 11, an immigration judge ruled Posada be released unless the administration charges him with terrorism. In a Justice Department brief, the Bush administration admitted that Posada is "an unrepentant criminal and admitted mastermind of terrorist plots and attacks on tourist sites", but refused to charge him for such crimes.
Recognising the problem of setting a known terrorist free, and unable to deport him to a third country, the Justice Department argued that according to law an illegal immigrant cannot be freed if the release has "serious, adverse foreign policy consequences for the United States".
The Bush administration’s handling of this case has resulted in a firestorm of criticism and charges of hypocrisy.
"The fight against terrorism cannot be fought à la carte", said José Pertierra, a Washington lawyer who is representing the government of Venezuela in its effort to extradite Posada. "A terrorist is a terrorist", he told The New York Times.
On the October 6 bombing anniversary, four Nobel Prize winners and other scholars released a petition calling upon the US Government to judge Posada for the "73 murders committed on October 6, 1976, or extradite him to Venezuela".
Wayne Smith, the former head of the US interests section in Cuba, told reporters that the US has "massive evidence" against Posada, and that if the administration doesn’t bring him to trial or extradite him to Venezuela, they will be violating several treaties as well as their own admonitions. Smith pointedly recalled that Bush once remarked that "one who shelters a terrorist is a terrorist".
The hypocritical stand is only part of the problem the Bush administration faces. Posada worked for the CIA as a demolitions expert, saboteur and plotter of violent crimes. He helped organise well over 100 murderous attacks throughout Latin America and the United States.
He was involved in Contra operations in Nicaragua, hotel bombings in Havana in 1997, and an assassination attempt against Cuban President Fidel Castro in 2000.
And according to newly released documents from National Security Archives, Posada told the CIA that he and other exile cohorts like Orlando Bosch (who freely walks the streets of Miami) were planning to bomb the plane.
Cuba’s National Assembly President Ricardo Alarcon said the Bush administration has a self-interest in covering up the case and declassified information. "The Bush administration wants to avoid a trial at all costs because someone will ask about the role of the CIA, and its director in 1976 was George Bush Sr, ,said Alarcon.
Also included in the documents:
Information tying the FBI to one of the airliner bombers.
Then-Secretary of State Henry Kissinger was briefed on previous failed attempts to bomb flights from Panama and Jamaica to Cuba.
The bomb was placed in a Colgate toothpaste tube.
The FBI had knowledge of a telephone call to Bosch reporting that "a bus with 73 dogs went off a cliff and all got killed".
Jesus Rojo, a Cuban father of three, was one of the 73 passengers, along with the entire Cuban Olympic Fencing team, other Cubans, Guyanese and North Koreans. His youngest son Camilo is the coordinator of a committee of victims’ relatives seeking justice.
"I am not seeking vengeance; what I want is to see Posada in court", Camilo Rojo said.
"Terrorism affects us all. I have received solidarity even from the most right-wing people, those who do not agree with the revolutionary process in Cuba, but they tell me they are with me, because mine is everybody’s cause. That is also what I share with the relatives of the 9/11 victims. We keep in contact with them, and we know very well what they feel."
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