The Guardian 24 September, 2008

Venezuela & Honduras
defy Bush administration

WT Whitney

In an act of solidarity with Bolivia, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez expelled US Ambassador Patrick Duddy on September 11, one day after Bolivian President Evo Morales had declared Ambassador Philip Goldberg "persona non grata". Proclaiming that "until there is a government in the United States that respects the people of Latin America, there will be no Venezuelan Ambassador in that country", Chávez withdrew veteran ambassador Bernardo Alvarez from Washington, just a step ahead of his expulsion.

State Department spokesperson Sean McCormack called the Venezuelan and Bolivian actions a "grave error", accusing the presidents of inability to deal with internal crises. "The only overthrow we seek is that of poverty", he said.

The US government responded by accusing three high Venezuelan government officials of support for the leftist Revolutionary Army Forces of Colombia, alleging cooperation in drug trafficking and arms supply. They are former Interior Minister Ramon Rodriguez Chacín (who recently resigned for "personal reasons"), military intelligence head Hugo Armando Carvajal, and civilian intelligence director Henry de Jesus Rangel. Rodriguez Chacín, who participated in Venezuelan efforts to mediate the release of hostages held by the FARC. Assets of the three men were frozen.

President Chávez also acted in response to an alleged anti-government plot tainted by US complicity. On September 10, Chavez supporter Mario Silva ran an audio recording on his television program La Hojilla on which retired and active duty military officers were heard discussing plans for a coup. They spoke of attacks on an aeroplane carrying Chávez and bombing the presidential palace.

The report on alleged that retired Defence Minister and former Chavez intimate General Raul Baduel took part in the scheming and that silence from the opposition media suggested ongoing plotting. Some of those accused of involvement have already given statements to investigators, others have been arrested and a few more have left the country.

Foreign Minister Nicolas Maduro informed foreign ministries worldwide that Washington is on a destabilisation campaign against Venezuela and Bolivia.

As US-Venezuela relations were deteriorating, Venezuela and Russia were solidifying ties. Russian bombers arrived in Venezuela last week to carry out training exercises. The same day, Chávez spoke of purchasing anti-aircraft defence systems from Russia to complement a US$4 billion purchase of fighter planes and helicopters. Navies of the two countries will carry out joint exercises in mid November.

At the same time, in an act of solidarity with both Bolivia and Venezuela, Honduran President Manuel Zelaya called off ceremonies set for September 12 to accept Hugo Llorens as US ambassador to his country.

Although Honduras has signed free trade agreements with the United States, the Zelaya government last month announced its decision to join the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA). That alliance, initiated by Venezuela and Cuba and joined so far by Nicaragua, Bolivia, three Caribbean nations and Honduras, bases trade, energy and educational relations on principles of solidarity rather than on market imperatives.

On August 27, President Zelaya recalled for reporters the story of Washington’s request in January 2006, shortly after his inauguration, to grant terrorist Luis Posada a visa. The US was intent upon finding a way to deport Posada on immigration charges to avoid dealing with crimes of murder and terrorism.

Zelaya explained: "It was impossible to give a visa to Luis Posada Carriles when he was a person being questioned for acts of terrorism. They defend that type of terrorism, it seems to me."

The Cuban daily Granma points out that in the mid-1990s, Posada conspired with Honduran military officers and Cuban-born criminals to overthrow or kill Honduran President Carlos Roberto Reina.

People’s Weekly World

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